Note from Preparedness Pro: The article below is provided to us by Dennis Chalkus of DCSurvivalKits.com He addresses the wide use of social media amidst a disaster. I personally believe that social media can easily be a reliable protocol that you can set up with your family members to use and it's one of the only ways I know to make sure that teenage family members are kept abreast of a disaster and the necessary action plans that need to be executed.
Dissemination of information and communication are two of the most important things in a disaster situation. Where can people take cover? What areas should evacuate? Are loved ones safe? Is there more danger to come? What action is being taken? In an emergency situation, people have answers. Answering them one on one is often just not feasible.
In the digital age, social media has stepped up in a big way to help fill this gap. How is social media changing how emergency services all around the world use social media?
Passive Social Media Monitoring
For one, social media is serving as an important source of information. Social media can provide valuable information like what areas have been hit by an earthquake or tornado, what buildings have fell and who needs medical attention.
When the 2011 earthquake struck Washington D.C., responders in New York could see the tweets before the quake actually hit New York.
Families Use Social Media to Communicate Safety
One of the first things people want to do after being in an emergency situation is let their loved ones know they’re safe. If an area has been hit by an earthquake, a tornado or a fire, the first thing people do is hop on Twitter or Facebook to let family know that they’re safe.
This has really changed the dynamics of post-disaster relief. Instead of having to spend huge amounts of time connecting missing persons, much of this burden has been taken up by social media.
Dissemination of Information
One big use of social media is dissemination of vital information. For example, when tornadoes hit Dallas Texas, both the Red Cross and the airport used social media to provide citizens with information on where to take cover, what flight statuses were and how to keep safe.
Without social media, less reliable mediums like radio, television, newspaper or live announcements may have been used. With social media, up to date information can be broadcast live for the world to see.
User Generated Pages & Tags
Often time’s information and help is organized by unofficial channels rather than actual emergency services. For example, when a tornado hit Joplin, Missouri, two people started a Facebook group to help keep residents informed of everything that was going on.
That group quickly grew to over 40,000 people – In under 48 hours. Local FEMA response teams were reluctant to get involved and broadcast official news for fear of not going through the right channels.
Local residents picked up the slack by broadcasting what areas were safe, who needed help and other important information.
In 2011, Thailand was hit by the worst flood the country has seen in 60 years. The flood waters moved from the northern areas of Thailand all the way to central Thailand, hitting much of the countryside and eventually hitting the capital, Bangkok.
Many factories were affected. Production of Honda and Toyota vehicles were both affected as a result of the floods; plus worldwide supplies of hard drives took a significant dip because of factory shutdowns in Thailand.
During this time, information provided by official government channels and newspapers were often contradictory. One day officials claimed Bangkok would be safe, the next that it wasn’t. Reading the papers often yielded no real information.
Social media became a big part of how locals stayed informed. Twitter became a big source of information. Different parts of Thailand and different areas of Bangkok used Twitter to announce what areas were safe and what areas weren’t.
A series of videos explaining basic flood safety, such as how to not get electrocuted while touching the water, was produced by NGOs and disseminated through Twitter.
All in all, social media today plays a big part in emergency services and disaster response. People use it to stay in touch with one another, to help one another and to stay informed. Both emergency services and unofficial organizations and sometimes individual persons use social media to contribute and help others navigate the situation.
In the future, we’re only going to see more social media involvement in emergency services. Official organizations are likely to develop official stances and strategies. As social media gains more traction, it’ll become a more and more reliable source of information and help for everyone involved in the emergency.
Author Bio – This article has been written by Dennis from DCSurvivalKits.com and can be reached via e-mail at [email protected]. If you’re looking for a wide variety of survival kits or survival food storage supplies to prepare your family for emergencies, visit their portal today.